Grazia Toderi (b. 1963, Padua) lives and works in Milan and Turin. After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bologna in 1992, she moved to Milan and has divided her time between Milan and Turin since 2005.
The artist first gained critical attention in part as a result of her participation in Aperto ’93 at the 45th Venice Biennale, where she exhibited, in addition to photographs, the video Notiscordardime (Forget-me-not), where she used a fixed video camera to shoot a small plant assailed by a violent and continuous jet of shower water. Toderi tends to make detached recordings of actions that often unfold in an everyday environment; her deliberately elementary use of video as an expressive means emphasizes her desire to concentrate on the subject and the action taking place, distancing herself from pure and simple creative will. All shot with a fixed video camera, the subjects of these early works are, in fact, very simple: one video, for example, shows the head of a large doll beaten by the windshield wiper of a car (Mia testa, mio cuore [My head, my heart], 1993), while the same doll is again shot in Soap (1993), this time in circular motion inside a washing machine. In 1995, invited to exhibit at Frac Languedoc-Roussillon in Montpellier, the artist herself became the protagonist of a video, Zuppa dell’eternità e luce improvvisa (Soup of Eternity and Improvised Light), 1994. In the video, Toderi negates the force of gravity, completely immersed in a swimming pool, attempting to carry out normal actions such as walking or opening an umbrella. The slowness of the action seems to unfold following the rhythm of her breathing in such a way that reveals all the exertion of the hostile situation to which the body is subjected.
From absence of gravity and washing machine windows, the artist’s everyday microcosm has become a means to convey the sentiments of an entire generation, one that grew up through images broadcast on television. Nata nel ’63 (Born in ’63) and Prove per la luna (Attempts for the Moon), both 1996, describe the emotion of the first moon landing, seen through the eyes of those who followed it, mediated by a screen that unified millions of people throughout the world. Her focus on the disseminative capacity of this means and its communicative potential are also evident in works such as Il decollo (The Takeoff), 1998, where the image – again extracted from the world of television – of a stadium shot from above is made to turn slowly, to a background accompaniment of the babble and chorus of voices. Once again, Toderi emphasizes the unifying power, not only of the televisual image, but also of the spectacle in and of itself. Toderi looks at this means of communication in positive terms, not interpreting it as a vehicle that encourages the standardization of sentiments, but rather capturing its unifying aspect and its symbolic value for an entire generation.
Toderi also has made a series of videos that, using aerial images, recreate nighttime views of cities such as Rome, Florence, and London. These works explore the cities from a unique viewpoint, where the artist, thinking of Italo Calvino’s Invisible Cities, conceives of the city as a mirroring between sky and earth. La pista degli angeli (The Trail of Angels), 2000, Firenze, stelle di terra (Florence, Stars of Earth), 2000, Mirabilia Urbis, 2001, Città invisibile (Invisible City), 2003, London, 2001, are all works where viewing known places from above transforms them into magical and mysterious territories.
In recent years Toderi has participated in numerous important group exhibitions, in addition to having solo exhibitions in museums and exhibition spaces such as Frac Bourgogne in Dijon, Casino Luxembourg in Luxembourg, and Castello di Rivoli Museo d’Arte Contemporanea.
In addition to her participation in numerous exhibitions, Toderi has created various special projects, such as a collaboration with Virgilio Sieni’s Dance Company, where she created the sets for the performance Il fiore delle 1001 notte (The Flower of 1001 Nights), 1998. The performance was one of the winners of the Golden Lion award at the 1999 Venice Biennale, and the installation Audience, presented on the opening of the Museo Nazionale del Cinema in the Mole Antonelliana in Turin in 2000. In 2001, Grazia Toderi was awarded a fellowship from the Supporting Friends of Castello di Rivoli. As part of the fellowship, she spent a period of time in the United States, where she created works focusing on large American stadiums (Subway Series, 2001, Diamante [Diamond], 2001, Super Tuesday, 2001), and on aerial views of the United States (Empire, 2002). In 2004 she created the video Semper eadem for the reopening of the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, and in 2006 she had a solo exhibition at P.A.C. in Milan. In 2009 she was invited to participate in the exhibition Fare Mondi / Making Worlds…, at the Venice Biennale, for which she created Orbite Rosse (Red Orbits), a double video projection where lights of distant cities appear in continuous transformation. The piece also includes two large ovals, a homage to the ancient tradition of terrestrial and celestial mapping, the planisphere, and to the sockets of our eyes, optical tools that convey images to our head/world.
In 2010, Toderi opened a solo exhibition at the Museum Serralves in Porto with a new double video projection titled Atlante, (Atlas, 2010), a new single projection titled Diaframma (Aperture, 2010), and a series of works including Rosso Babele (Babel Red, 2006), Rosso (Red, 2007), Orbite Rosse, (Red Orbits, 2009), and Pulse 60xz, (2009). In that exhibition, there was also a focus on drawings and paintings, made on paper or laminil, using graphite, metals and melted tin. In April 2011, Toderi opened a personal show at the Hirschhorn Museum in Washington, D.C. In October 2012, Toderi opened a personal show at MAXXI, in Rome, for which she created a new version, a double projection, of Mirabilia Urbis (2012). In 2013, she was invited by the Perth International Arts Festival to present a solo exhibition at the John Curtin Gallery in Perth (Australia). In 2014 she dedicated a work to the Offertorium K. 222, by W.A. Mozart, which was installed, in conjunction with the M.A.M.bo, at the International Museum of Music in Bologna.
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